The mastiff is a true giant among the dog breed community, with significant body weight from birth and powerful, muscular body composition. Needless to say they grow FAST in their first year as you'll see in our guide below.
Mastiff puppy weight guide: what should I expect with my puppy? After a mastiff starts life at just under 1 lb. (.45 kg), growing consistently within the first year to reach 110-145 lbs. (50-68 kb). A full-grown male (at 3 years old) will reach a height of at least 30 inches (0.76 m) and a weight of up to 200 pounds (91 kg). The female mastiff height will begin at 27 inches (.69 m), and her weight will level out at 150 pounds (68 kg).
When you get a mastiff puppy, you’ll want to have an
idea of just how much weight puppy will gain throughout a healthy development.
While considering the breed norms and parent size can be good considerations,
there are other factors to consider. Below we’ll cover what kind of weight to expect
in your mastiff puppy, from birth through the first year of life. Read More Below...
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Your mastiff puppy is going to grow based on the type
of breed that it is. Being a large dog, most of the breeds grow at a fairly
quick rate. When you opt to breed a large dog, it’s important for you to
understand, this is not going to be like breeding other dogs. The work in
raising a mastiff is comparable to that of raising a newborn human baby.
Disproportionately sized puppy feet are often used as an indicator of adult size and can be a helpful tool. Typically, a puppy fitted with larger feet correlates with a puppy who will have greater weight and height in the future.
Keep in mind; most mastiff puppies are going to have
large paws, to begin with. Large feet give the mastiff support for a heavy,
tall body. Tiny feet are not going to cut it when it comes to a 100-pound
mastiff. And heavy, long feet will look out of place on a teacup Yorkie even at
Pro-tip: Does your Mastiff have issues with anxiety, destructive chewing, aggressiveness, jumping up, barking or fearfulness?
Brain Training For Dogs is an excellent online training course that
addresses these behavioral issues as well as dog training basics.
The starting weight for a
litter of mastiff pups will be approximately 13 oz. (0.49 kg). You cannot leave a massive mastiff mom alone with her litter. It
will prove challenging for her to find a safe spot to lie down, and puppies can
be squished in the effort. This happens more often than you may think with
unsupervised very-large breed litters even in just a split-second of stepping
A newborn mastiff is very much like a newborn baby, needing round-the-clock nourishment and mindful care. Puppies of this age require food at least every two hours.
With litters consisting of upwards of 12 pups, there should be supplements to the diets to ensure enough nutrients are received, so they thrive. This takes a huge effort, and once you have finished the process throughout the litter, it’s time to start again.
After pups have nursed from the dam, especially within the first few days and then as they age over the next couple weeks, there may not be enough milk for all of them, which means a bottle will need to be given to top them off.
The bottle can be a baby bottle with a hole that is
not too big in the nipple, so the puppy does not aspirate. If milk is released
out of the puppy’s nose, it is eating too fast, which will cause pneumonia.
Because proper feeding of your puppy is so important, I've written a dedicated article to just that topic. Do you know what the very best scheduling, foods and amounts are? Learn here.
Allow the pups to feed as much as they choose to weigh them consistently and topping them at their birth weight in the first few days. Having a good scale is crucial.
Only use the bottle as a supplement to top off and help dam. You want her body to realize how many are in her litter and to continue to produce. It’s important to be sure the dam is stimulating the pups to encourage voiding and bowel movements.
Puppies won’t do this on their own. She has to lick them to stimulate this process. If she doesn't, this is something that you will need to manipulate by hand.
The pups will gain great socialization skills through
this handling, which is so important with the giant breed dogs. The hands-on
approach will make them into exceptional pets.
At this stage in their
growth, a mastiff male is approximately 15 pounds (7 kg), and a female is
around 13 pounds (6 kg). This gentle giant should
be up walking and can begin eating solid foods.
Soaked dry food is going to be the best for this age. If you see that they play more than eat, they’re still too young. Remember, to discourage this, pups should be given food in their eating area as opposed to the playroom or potty area.
A dam is going to let you know when it's time to start
the mastiffs on kibble as she’ll regurgitate her kibble for them to eat. This
is also a time when you want to add a shallow water bowl for them to begin to
learn to lap water out of a bowl.
Beginning at three weeks, you want to take a good quality puppy kibble and soak it in 2 parts of water to 1 part of kibble. There is some kibble brands that need to have more water added to it. The kibble should hold its shape while soaking in the water. The kibble pieces need to swell and go very soft, so use as much water as possible.
Along with solid food, you will see solid poop as
opposed to what was runny, and there should be no diarrhea.
Weight is going to vary
among the different breeds of mastiffs, but an overall approximation for the
male mastiff is 20 pounds (9 kg) with the female around 17 pounds (8 kg).
A puppy requires more protein as compared to the mature dog for rapid muscle growth. Their diet needs to offer between 21-25% protein and between 8-10% of fat. An older mastiff taking in over 21% of protein can result in hepatic or renal failure. Other feeding tips for this age:
It is critical to meet the exercise requirements of
your pup with a daily walk or play session. With a mastiff, you don’t want them
to jump from elevated areas as it could result in a shoulder injury. Slippery
surfaces should also be avoided to prevent joint injuries.
At nine weeks, your
mastiff male is going to be around 33 pounds (15 kg) with your female starting
at 29 pounds (13 kg). Rapid growth periods for
mastiff puppies occur during the 4-8-week time frame, the 10-16-week time period,
and 18-30 weeks. Good care is critical for a proper beginning and necessary for
the continued growth and overall size of the mastiff.
Your mastiff should be receiving 3 to 5 cups (approx. .71 to .95 l) of food should be given per day divided into 3-4 meals.
This is a very crucial time for your mastiff. They will develop at a slower rate and grow less into adulthood if any of the following conditions exist:
Mastiff males are typically bigger than a female with
a larger head and larger bone, meaning that they are going to weigh more on
average than what the female weighs. You will find girl mastiffs out there who
give the boys a run for their money, however.
‘Bone size,’ as discussed by breeders, refers to the
circumference of the leg bones. There are those mastiffs that offer reed-like
spindly little legs compared to the ones who have enormous, fence-post sizes.
The dog with the larger bone is obviously going to have more weight since bone
A male mastiff will start
at a weight of approximately 40 pounds (18 kg) with a female beginning around
36 pounds (16 kg).
In the time frame between weeks 10-12, 4-6 cups (.95 to 1.42 l) of food should be given per day divided into 3-4 meals. Mastiff puppies grow very fast, so it’s important to get it right for not just the amount but the frequency.
Weight management is very important with this hands-on test allowing you to tell whether your dog is overweight. Place a hand on the back of your dog with fingers spread down and thumb over the spine and look for the following:
The average weight at the
three-month stage for a male mastiff is 45 pounds (20 kg), and the female
mastiff is around 39 pounds (18 kg).
From the time your puppy turns three months old, you can begin to use adult dog food, ensuring that you check all the labels for the nutritional values.
Commercial dog food needs to have the level of protein required for the growing mastiff as well as the fat and 3-5% iodine, suggested phosphorus and calcium.
A mastiff of this age only needs to be fed two times
per day, in the morning, and then again at night. Dividing each day’s calorie
intake in this way will prevent bloat and assist the pup with digestion.
Wondering what the best foods for your Mastiff are? Because this is such a large dog they have special dietary needs for proper bone and muscle development. We've reviewed and compiled the healthiest dry and wet foods for this breed and here's our findings.
Mastiffs are incredibly thirsty breeds, among the thirstiest breed, and need to drink often. This is among the reasons for the incessant drooling. There should always be a water resource for the mastiff throughout the day, and it should never be let go empty. They also are known to avoid the water if it has been infected by their own drool, so change it often.
Keeping a mastiff’s face clean is essential due to the wrinkles in their skin, which provide hiding places for dirt and bacteria.
Use baby wipes to get rid of the dirt and dry the
pup’s face with a soft towel immediately after. The gunk that collects around
their eyes has the potential to cause eye infections also if you don’t take
care of that as well. Remember to get this area with the baby wipes.
Around 4 months the male
comes in at approximately 60 pounds (27 kg) and the female staying around 50
pounds (23 kg).
The feeding needs for your mastiff
don’t change much this month. Continue feeding twice a day, as at three months.
Dental care is an important part of the mastiff’s health and contributes to being nutritionally sound. It is actually suggested brushing a mastiff’s teeth daily, but many sticks with two or three times each week.
This process is important to keep the teeth healthy and to prevent any type of bacterial infections from developing or a build-up of tartar. Make sure that you’re using a brush and toothpaste meant for the giant breed of dog.
You don’t want to force the brushing but rather calmly
introduce the pup to the toothpaste. Let them check it out, taste it, and use
your fingers as the brush in the beginning.
On average, the mastiff
weight at this stage is 80 pounds (36 kg) for males and 65 pounds (29 kg) for
You may have some concerns at this point about the size of your pup and feel the need to over-exercise your mastiff. These dogs may be huge, but they are not in need of as much physical activity as the other larger breeds of dogs.
Although their ancestors tell a different story of being a working breed, mastiffs are house dogs and are much happier inside. They do still require a regular form of physical and mental exercise for their overall health. Without this, they become bored and destructive.
This exercise can come in the form of a daily walk
with a duration of 30 minutes, which is the ideal activity for a mastiff. Keep a
close watch over your pup, have a harness around him, and make sure that there
is no fatigue or dehydration occurring.
So how much exercise does a Mastiff puppy need? It's important to know this and the answer in our article will surprise you.
Pro-tip: Ever try lifting a Mastiff? Their weight can hurt not only your back but their joints when they hop down from cars, sofas or even your bed. To protect your back and theirs check out the best Mastiff ramps on Amazon.com now.
You’re probably noticing a steady rise in your
mastiff’s weight. On average during their growing stages, they gain
approximately 1-2 kg a week. At 6 months, the male will average around 100
pounds (45 kg), and the female will be 90 pounds (41 kg).
You definitely want to avoid excessive weight gain. If you are exercising your mastiff, be sure that you avoid exercise one hour before eating and two hours after they have eaten. Exercise during these times can encourage bloat which is associated with deep-chested dogs.
This is caused by a release of gas from fermented foods into the stomach, which has the potential to make the stomach twist. This is an extremely serious condition that can prove to be fatal in many instances.
In summer months, the middle of the day activity
should also be avoided. This is cause for overheating and dehydration which can
bring on heatstroke.
During these last few months, a mastiff has grown significantly,
doubling his own weight several times over. At 7 months, a mastiff’s weight
is going to be around 125 pounds (57 kg) and her weight will be approximately
90 pounds (41 kg).
Being heavy in this way has the potential to hurt hips, muscles, and joints to the point of not being able to recover. There is no such thing as being ‘too careful’ with them in this stage. You have his future health in your hands. They can’t decide what’s best for them.
Take care to see your puppy is properly nourished but doesn’t get
overweight. Be mindful of proper mental stimulation and physical exercise.
Everything you’ve been doing up until this point continues during the seventh
month of life.
The Mastiff’s weight has increased significantly for the male to approximately 140 pounds (64 kg) and for the female to 100 pounds (45 kg).
The most important thing that you can remember with a
mastiff is that this may be a giant of a dog, but it is still a puppy...a baby.
Some things you should do and things you shouldn't.
What are some safe and healthy chew toy choices for your pooch? They aren't all the same a I discovered when shopping for them myself. Some are bad choices and some are excellent picks like these.
Weight seems to be
leveling out a little at this age with the male being around 155 pounds (70 kg)
and the female approximately 110 pounds (50 kg).
Socializing a giant dog is really important. Without the proper amount of socialization, a mastiff can grow nervous around people or other animals and in unfamiliar type situations. It will be up to you to assist your pup to get used to the various aspects of everyday life.
When socializing, always
be firm but gentle. If you participate in a good training program, the pup will
be around other dogs and people allowing for learning basic social skills.
Typically, we need more training than our dogs do, and this type of environment
is the perfect location for us to learn.
A male mastiff at ten months will weigh approximately 165 pounds (75 kg) while a female will be around 112 pounds (51 kg).
A mastiff will continue to need the nourishment,
exercise and mental stimulation of its early life for years to come. While
growth will slow down, your mastiff is a “puppy” for the first three years of
By now your pal will be eating a lot! To make sure you're feeding them right, check out our Mastiff Puppy Feeding Guide and Schedule, this will remove any questions you might have about feeding your pooch.
The Mastiff breed sadly offers a much shorter lifespan than that of other dog breeds with 6-12 years expectancy. Some various different health issues that they experience in their lifetime include the following. Each issue will be followed by a tip to keep in mind to help avoid it.
Well-fed, exercised and stimulated Mastiff puppies grow up to be a calm and loving pet that proves to be a most amazing companion for their owner.
These pups can generally adjust to nearly any type of house situation, but you need to remember that they truly are the epitome of the ‘gentle giant.’ They will grow to be large and will require a great deal of space within your home.
These dogs have the desire to be inside their comfy
home with their humans. So, as they grow, continue to make some space where they
can be near you and show you their love and companionship.