The Mastiff breed characteristics presented here highlight just a few of the many endearing traits Mastiffs have become known for which make them one of the most beloved and recognizable dog breeds. Many of their characteristics can be a bit surprising, and they have a rich history and background, making them a very interesting breed.
What are the 6 Mastiff breed characteristics you should know about? Mastiffs are excellent family dogs and love to love their owners. They are gentle giants that are highly instinctual and primal. Here is our list of the top Mastiff characteristics to be aware of:
1. Highly Affectionate, They Can't Get Enough Of You
2. Excellent with Kids, They Can't Get Enough Of Them
3. They Follow Their Noses And Still Have An Instinct To Hunt
4. Drooling is Inevitable When Excited, Nervous or Hungry
5. Fiercely Loyal, Their World Revolves Around You
6. Require Moderate Exercise…Not Too Much Though
While some may be intimidated by their massive stature, they are gentle giants at heart. Mastiffs average up to around 220 pounds, so understanding how they operate and what motivates them as a breed is important so you can properly train them and keep them happy and healthy.
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Mastiffs are gentle and love a good cuddle with their family members. There is a calming affection that comes with owning a Mastiff. Once you bond with your Mastiff and they settle into your home with you, they are fully devoted to you and love to show you every day.
Through their affection for you, they also possess an extreme amount of patience. Whether you left the house for 2 minutes or you were gone at work all day, or you had to leave them with a family member while you were on vacation – they will wait for you.
They want to be near you whenever they can, even if they have to wait for it. They have a long history as war dogs, hunters, and sadly in ancient times as fighters. They are a breed that dates back thousands of years. But some of their aggressive ancestors actually helped form them into a loving house pet in modern day.
It’s similar to adopting a stray--they are forever grateful and want nothing more than to show you love and gratitude every day. Mastiffs’ history of having to be an aggressor actually could play into their willingness and wanting to simply be a gentle companion to you.
While they were used as war dogs, it was not only because of their size and strength, it was because they were loyal and affectionate to their owners. They would do anything for them. This has always continued to be true, and now they are happy to be your loving companion and to find new ways to show you.
When they came up with the phrase “A dog is a man’s best friend”, it’s as if they have Mastiffs in mind, specifically.
I will start this with a caveat – Mastiffs are excellent with kids, but you should be aware when they are around toddlers. Although Mastiffs are some of the most loving and affectionate dogs you will ever know, they weigh 200 pounds!
The issue is your Mastiff could very easily accidentally cause harm to your little one. Especially if they are full grown. Mastiffs just want to love their families and be near them. They don’t always realize their full size and the impact it can have though.
Even something as simple as your Mastiff jumping up to say hi can be dangerous to a small child. Or even less threatening, a simple cuddle session where they rollover could be harmful to a very small child. So, while they are not aggressive or dangerous, they can still present a danger simply due to their size.
Pro Tip: Be sure to socialize your Mastiff puppy heavily when they are young. If you socialize them and teach them how to act around smaller children, it will help them make a more conscious effort to be gentle around children, once they are full-grown. Also, teach your kids the same. Teach them to be gentle in return, and not do anything to provoke overexcitement or a harsh reaction.
Mastiff’s make for great family dogs and they love to be around kids. Their gentle nature and strong affection and loyalty for their families make them ideal pups for the kiddos. Not only will they have a best pal, but they will also have a 200-pound protector always watching over them.
They are also extremely tolerant and patient animals. So, if your child tries to mount him/her like a horse one too many times after the Mastiff is over it, they will still be patient and allow it to play out. Mastiffs want to be there as a protector, a friend, and a protector to the kids in their family.
They also can’t resist when a kid walks up, and they can be face-to-face for a good ole’ face licking.
Learn more about Mastiffs as a family dog in this helpful article.
Pro-tip: Does your Mastiff have issues with anxiety, destructive chewing, aggressiveness, jumping up, barking or fearfulness?
Brain Training For Dogs is an excellent online training course that
addresses these behavioral issues as well as dog training basics.
All dog breeds have certain characteristics that date back to their earliest ancestors. Some traits will slowly be bred out of them over time as dogs adapt and evolve, but some of the primal instincts inherent will remain.
For Mastiffs, their earliest ancestors were hunters. The modern-day Mastiff is considered to have an origin country of England after they were brought to ancient Britain around 500 B.C.E. They were great hunting dogs but also were trained to be war dogs, helping in combat.
While these giant beauties are now enjoying a much more relaxed and affectionate lifestyle, they still have that instinct to hunt and use their nose as one of their most powerful assets.
Hunting: If you have a fenced-in yard for your Mastiff, beware of small animals finding their way in. While they are gentle-natured and nonaggressive, they are also primal and follow their sense of smell wherever it may lead them. Simply put: you may get an unwanted “gift” that they drop off at the back porch from time to time.
Keep this in mind when you take your pup for a walk. Be sure you go through proper leash training for them. This will be a huge help when they are 220 pounds and smell a squirrel in a bush just off the side of the road.
What this means for you: Not only are their noses a powerful tool in hunting, they are driven by prey in their breeding. So, this means you will need to be diligent in training and enforcing positive habits when it comes to the furry critters in your neighborhood or around your dog’s favorite park.
Their instinct will be to pounce when they sniff these little guys out, so it will be up to proper training and a trusting bond between the two of you, to ensure your Mastiff doesn’t wipe out half the squirrel population.
Professions: Mastiffs, like German Shepherds or Bloodhounds, will be used from time to time by police and other law enforcement agencies. They are excellent resources for bomb-sniffing, findings drugs, or picking up the scent of either the victim or the suspect in a crime that leads them on a chase.
This is also a great way for Mastiffs who need a home, to be adopted. They will be trained and cared for by a law enforcement agent, and their skills will be utilized in a professional sense. This also goes back to their loyalty and willingness to please.
German Shepherds outrank them in their intelligence department which is why they are more heavily used. But the loyalty of a Mastiff goes a long way when you are training them.
Fun Fact: Mastiff’s Can Sniff Out Disease: Mastiffs have been known to be able to sniff out diabetes, cancer, malaria, and Parkinson's in their owners. Each disease has certain elements that are not detectable by human scent, but dogs with a heightened sense of smell have this extraordinary ability. TODAY featured a great article about dogs that can sniff out many of these diseases.
Mastiffs are majestic, ancient, beautiful, loving dogs…who love to drool. If you are a neat freak, a Mastiff may not be the dog for you. Many dogs will drool as a way to show their excitement or anticipation for food.
Other reasons for drooling can include being excited over other reasons such as your arrival back home after a long workday, or nervousness, such as when you pull up to the vet’s office and they recognize the smell. Some dogs are also known to drool when they are in the car that can be a mixture of those two feelings, but they may also be feeling a little car sick. mastiff breed characteristics
Mastiffs, specifically, are less capable of keeping the drooling limited due to the looseness of their lips. The shape of their mouths and those big floppy jowls produce a lot of drooling. For a dog that loves to show affection to their owners, and can smell their food coming from a mile away, this can be a bit intense sometimes.
you are cool with a little drool, then this won’t be an issue. But it is
something to consider if you like to keep a tidy house.
Learn more about which Mastiff breeds drool the most in our article dripping with helpful information!
Other Grooming Habits: As a side note to their drooling habits, their grooming overall is not overly cumbersome or excessive. They have a dense, short coat that is easy to groom and maintain without a lot of shedding.
If you stick to a routine of brushing them once or twice per week, you will be good. During sessions of heavier shedding when the seasons change, may require a strong, toothed comb that will help remove dead hair to keep their skin healthy as well.
With any larger dog, grooming becomes a
little harder solely because of their size. But luckily, the type of
fur they have makes for a much easier time for this breed.
Fun Fact: Speaking of their size - in the 1700's they were often called "the Butcher's Dog" because the butcher was pretty much the only person in town with enough meat to keep these huge dogs satisfied. Mastiff owner’s past and present can all relate to this.
Pro-tip: Ever try lifting a Mastiff? Their weight can hurt not only your back but their joints when they hop down from cars, sofas or even your bed. To protect your back and theirs check out the best Mastiff ramps on Amazon.com now.
long as you properly raise your Mastiff in a loving household with
training, affection, and socialization, they will protect you and stay
loyal to you like no other. They are some of the best guard dogs you
will ever have, as well. Even though they do not have an aggressive
nature, they will turn a whole new side on if they see someone
threatening you, your family, or your home.
Also, consider the look of these beautiful beasts. While they may look adoringly at you, if they see an intruder, those eyes will flip a switch and that intruder will think twice before trying to take on a 200-pound dog, flexing their muscles, and showing their teeth.
We can’t say this often enough--making sure your Mastiff is properly socialized as a puppy is extremely important to this breed. Because they have such intense loyalty to you, and the sense to always have to protect you, they need to understand that strangers will come over sometimes. With this loyal nature, if they are not socialized as puppies, they may end up assuming any stranger is, in fact, a danger to you.
If they are properly trained and socialized while they are young, you will not see the fierceness from them unless there is clear and present danger. They will be able to understand the difference between a stranger entering their home that has a good nature who hugs you and walks in for your dinner party versus someone with a bad aura sneaking in the backdoor to cause harm.
When you have a larger dog, you have a larger responsibility. Socialization, training, and receiving positive affirmations and reprimanding as necessary will help them grow into a giant, but gentle protector. One that enemies should fear, but friends and family will be welcomed and loved by.
This characteristic leaves people shocked. When you see a large, muscular dog, that is known as a hunting dog you assume that they will need to go on long runs, or hikes in the woods every day for extended periods.
While they do need daily mental and physical stimulation, they do not need the amount you would think. Their energy levels are fairly average, not being overly energetic or lethargic. But because they were originally bred as hunters, they do have an instinct to get outside, play, and be active.
According to the American Kennel Club, they will reap great benefits from daily walks of around a mile or two for adult Mastiffs, along with allowing time for free play. Both will activate their mental and physical needs. If you have trails around your house that pose different elements and scents for your Mastiff, they will love that additional challenge.
Always have them on a leash and make sure they are properly trained. Those powerful hunting noses will have a mind of their own, so it is crucial on your walks to be aware of this.
When they are puppies, you will want to ease them into exercise. Their joints and bones are growing rapidly, so you do not want to overexert them. Start with walks as short as a couple of blocks and limit their playtime. Make sure they get ample rest, along with their spirts of playtime that can extend over time.
Making it a part of their daily routine now and including activities that trigger all their senses, which will give them the stimulation they require. Because of their size, excessive running can cause them to overheat or damage their joints.
Large dogs such as Mastiffs are at risk for
bloat, which is a stomach disease that can become quite dangerous if not
properly attended to. According to PetMD,
a cause of this disease can be from too much play directly after
eating. So, beware of not just how you give your Mastiff exercise, but
also when you give them exercise.
Learn more about the exercise needs of a Mastiff in our excellent article.
Fun Fact: There are ancient markings found in the mountains of Asia that show there may have been Mastiff-like dogs as far back as 2500 B.C.E. These dogs were slightly leaner and taller than the current-day Mastiff we know and love.
mastiff breed characteristics
While there are always pros and cons to weigh in your decision over which dog is best for you, your family, and your living situation – you can be sure that Mastiffs are always going to be a loving, affection, and loyal addition to your family.
Make sure you understand all of the pros
and cons and how they will affect your day to day life before
committing to welcoming one of these gentle giants into your home and